Autism It is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that causes problems in thinking, feeling, language, and the ability to relate to others.
It affects the structure or functioning of the brain and is thought to be caused by some nervous system problems Autism Spectrum Disorder (OBSAutism, which can be encountered in every society, in every geography, in every race and in every family, has no definitive treatment and usually lasts a lifetime.
SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM
The most important symptoms of autism, which is 3-4 times prevalent in boys compared to girls, are that the child avoids eye contact, does not react when named, and makes distinctly repetitive movements.
Although it differs from person to person; The child not laughing when trying to make a laugh, showing excessive interest in rotating objects, not waving, not sending kisses, shaking or walking on his toes, being behind his peers in speaking, and his eyes stuck on something are among the symptoms that may suggest autism.
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER FEATURES
Noting that Autism Spectrum Disorder features are divided into three categories, Uzman listed them as follows:
Communication problems: Including difficulty using or understanding language. Some children with autism focus their attention and speech on a few subject areas, some repeat sentences frequently, and some have very limited speech.
Difficulty with people, events and events: Like making friends and communicating with people, having difficulty reading facial expressions and not making eye contact.
Repetitive body movements or behavior: Like clapping hands, repeating sounds or expressions.
AUTISM OCCURS IN AVERAGE 1 OF EVERY 54 CHILDREN
Specialist from Çamlıca Medipol University Hospital Child Mental Health and Diseases Department. Dr. Emin Çağlar made a statement regarding the April 2nd World Autism Awareness Day.
Stating that 1 in every 54 children has autism, Uzm. Dr. Emin Çağlar said, “Not all children with autism have the same severity of autism. While some children have severe autism with inability to establish a severe social relationship, no speech, and intense repetitive movements, in some children the symptoms may be quite mild. Being aware of autism and not ignoring it is the first step. “Do not ignore autism, be aware” he said.
Dr. Referring to the fact that autism is an important neurodevelopmental disorder in which symptoms are observed in early childhood (preschool), Çağlar said, “It is the difference in the development of the parts of the brain that provide social communication and interaction. While the symptoms of autism start in the early stages of development in some children, some children experience regression or malfunctions in development, which is primarily normal.
For example, a child whose development is normal up to the age of 1 may have delay in communication skills and speech. Autism suspicion arises when the child’s speech is delayed or is indifferent and unresponsive to the environment. “The family consults to the doctor because the child does not say any words even though his peers speak, or can say single words such as” mother, father “before, but forget these words in recent months,” he said.
It is more visible in boys
Dr. Çağlar said, “Autism Spectrum Disorder is 4.3 times more common in boys (3.0 percent) than girls (0.7 percent). Autism is a polygenic disorder and its inheritance is over 90 percent. What does inheritance mean? It means that many genes are affected and the contribution of these genes on autism is over 90 percent. So why are genes affected? Is it because the child was vaccinated? Is it because the child watched a lot of TV? Is it because the parents didn’t take much care of their child? The answer to all of them is ‘no’. Autism is not a simple disorder that can occur with a single cause.
It is not possible to explain the whole disorder with a single harmful event. There may be defective genes and mutations in every human genetics. Autism occurs when these genes inherited from both mother and father are related to large networks in the brain that enable communication. Of course, these genes also interact with environmental factors. However, environmental factors alone do not cause autism without heritability. The most emphasized on environmental factors is the advanced age of mother and father, ”he said.
AUTISM’S VIOLENCE IS NOT THE SAME FOR EVERY CHILD
Stating that all of these symptoms do not need to be present in the child in order to make a diagnosis, Dr. Çağlar said, “Not all children with autism have the same severity of autism. While some children have severe autism with inability to establish a severe social relationship, no speech, and intense repetitive movements, in some children the symptoms may be quite mild. The reason that autism is a spectrum disorder is because it is a spectrum disorder in which the severity of symptoms is different in each child.
Families with these symptoms in their children should go to Child Psychiatry without wasting time. Being aware of autism and not ignoring it is the first step. Early diagnosis and intensive special education programs are very important. It is of vital importance in terms of the quality of life and independence of the child from now on. Families with a diagnosis of autism in their children should increase the weekly special education hours to the extent that they can afford. Recent studies suggest a minimum of 15 hours of training per week, ”he concluded.
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