According to a new study published in the medical journal The Lancet, young people are at least as likely to be at risk from Covid-19 as patients over the age of 50. The study, which examined more than 70,000 people, revealed that 40 percent of Covid-19 patients treated at the hospital between the ages of 19 and 49 experienced problems with their kidneys, lungs or other organs. Scientists have called for vaccination to prevent this situation, which may lead to serious health problems in the future.
The new study, conducted in the UK, examined 73,197 adults of all ages who were treated in 302 hospitals in the first wave of Covid-19 in 2020. “The data reinforces the fact that Covid is not as simple as the flu and shows that even young adults experience significant complications,” said Professor Calum Semple, who led the study.
The study, led by researchers at seven UK universities and the Department of Health and Social Care and Public Health, looked at the number of “complications” that occurred in those who needed hospital treatment for Covid-19.
Overall, about half of all adult patients experienced at least one complication during their hospital stay. The most common was kidney damage, followed by lung and heart disease.
However, the greatest number of complications were seen in those over the age of 50, with 51 percent of patients reporting at least one problem. However, common problems were also seen in younger age groups.
37 percent of 30-39-year-olds and 44 percent of 40-49-year-olds had at least one complication.
On the other hand, doctors do not yet know exactly how a severe Covid disease causes organ damage. However, it is thought that in some cases, the body’s own immune system may trigger an inflammatory response and damage healthy tissue.
The study, published in the medical journal The Lancet, found that those with pre-existing conditions were more likely to report complications, but even younger individuals who were previously healthy were at higher risk.
The research was carried out between January 17 and August 4, 2020, during the first wave of the pandemic, that is, before vaccines were found and new variants of the virus were detected.
The study’s authors said the data shows the importance of vaccines in reducing the severity of the disease in this latest wave, suggesting that people with more severe Covid symptoms at the time of admission to hospital are more likely to experience serious health problems.
The research, on the other hand, was designed to look only at short-term complications during a hospital stay, but there is evidence that some organ damage may persist and develop into a form known as long Covid.
Dr Annemarie Docherty, senior clinical lecturer and consultant in intensive care medicine at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, said: “We know from other infectious diseases that such problems with your kidneys or your heart can develop into longer-term complications. I think it’s reasonable to expect it to be the same as Covid-19 ” he said.