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What is cataract, what are its symptoms? (How is cataract treated?) – Health News


To the event that the lens of the eye fails to become transparent, especially due to age. cataract it’s called.

CataractIt occurs behind the colored part of our eye. The lens focuses the light entering your eye, producing clear and sharp images on the retina. As we age, the lenses in our eyes become less flexible, transparent and thicker. Age-related and other medical conditions cause tissues within the lens to break down and clump together, blurring small areas within the lens.

As the cataract continues to develop, the clouding becomes more intense and involves more of the lens. A cataract prevents light from scattering as it passes through the lens, preventing a sharply defined image from reaching the retina and blurring your vision.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CATARACT?

– Inability to see far and near

-Complaint from light and glare

– Deterioration of vision on sunny days

-Blurred vision

– Difficult and pale perception of colors

-Eyestrain and headache

Frequent change of glasses number

-Reduced need for glasses

– Better near vision without glasses

– Decreased night vision

-Loss of sense of depth

HOW IS CATARACT TREATED?

Surgery is the only option for the treatment of cataract disease. If a cataract has started to affect the occupational functions or daily life of the patient at the beginning level, it can be treated at an early stage. With the important innovations in cataract surgery in recent years, with the use of premium intraocular lenses, patients can continue their lives more comfortably after cataract surgery than before, and thanks to multifocal intraocular lenses, they can see far and near without using glasses.

Cataract surgery involves removing the dulled lens and replacing it with an artificial lens. An artificial lens, called an intraocular lens, is placed in the same place as your natural lens. In some people, the use of an artificial lens is not suitable due to other eye problems. In such cases, vision can be corrected with glasses or contact lenses after the cataract has been removed.

WHAT IS DONE IN CATARACT SURGERY?

In the surgery performed, a hole of about 2 millimeters is entered into the eye and with the help of a device called phaco, the lens with cataract is fragmented inside the eye. The lens parts are vacuumed like a vacuum cleaner. A foldable lens is then inserted through the same hole into the cavity of the old cataract lens.

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