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What is eczema? What causes eczema and how is it treated? – Health News


Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic skin condition that causes dry, scaly patchy lesions on the skin and intense itching. Itching of the skin can cause red raised spots, thickened skin and open cuts on the skin surface.

Intense itching makes it difficult to sleep, resulting in fatigue, poor performance at school and work, difficulty performing activities of daily living, and an overall worse quality of life.

Eczema can affect people of all ages and genders. Most cases of eczema begin in childhood, but it is possible to develop eczema for the first time as an adult.


Causes of eczema may include genetic and environmental factors. Allergies may develop in some of the patients as a result of genetic transmission; These allergies can also prepare the ground for eczema.

Eczema in children and adults; It can also be seen due to allergies, stress and excessive meticulousness. It can be seen especially in housewives, construction workers, hairdressers and cleaning workers.


Although the symptoms of eczema vary from person to person, lesions in infants and young children are usually seen on the elbows, knees, scalp and face.

In older children and adults, the most common areas of lesions are the hands, feet, inner arms, and back of the knees.

Symptoms may include

-Dry, scaly lesions
-Dry skin
-Skin thickening
-Water collection in the skin
– Skin redness and swelling
– Changes in skin color
-Sensitivity and sensitivity
– Injuries to the skin during scratching.


There is no definite cure for eczema, but with the treatments applied, it is possible to protect the skin, relieve itching, prevent or control inflammation and infections.

The goals of a comprehensive treatment are:

1. Prevention of skin damage

Moisturizers that will prevent excessive fluid loss and drying and cracking of the skin and moisturizers that will strengthen the skin barrier can be used in the treatment.

2. Reduction of the fire reaction

Individuals with eczema generally have dry, red and itchy areas of inflammation on their skin. In order to prevent these inflammatory reactions, some superficial creams containing steroids are used.

When superficial creams are not strong enough, broader treatments can also be used to provide quicker control of the inflammatory reaction, such as:
Oral or intravenous corticosteroid-containing treatments
Other drugs that can prevent the immune system from overworking
Phototherapy: Treatment of skin lesions using ultraviolet lights

3. Elimination of itching

Antihistamines have long been used as the main treatment for itching. It helps patients sleep more comfortably during the night.

4.Preventing infection

Antibiotics can be used if the cracks on the skin surface are infected. Do not neglect to use your medications regularly, unless otherwise stated by your doctor.
In addition to these, patients also benefit from lifestyle changes such as using products recommended for sensitive skin types, avoiding woolen and tight clothing that can increase itching, which you can consult with your doctor.

Eczema in babies and children

To treat eczema in children and infants, it is necessary to first find the cause. It is necessary to keep away from food ingredients or chemicals (wet wipes, creams or similar products) that may touch the baby or child.

It is very important to keep the skin moist in eczema in children or infants. It is necessary to choose the moisturizing products to be used organically and keep them away from chemical products. In addition, it should be preferred that the clothes to be dressed are 100 percent cotton products, and woolen products should be avoided.


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