In public “hives” known by the name “urticaria” It is a skin disease characterized by raised, swollen, itchy and reddened patches resulting from skin reactions due to different conditions. In some patients, rashes on the skin are accompanied by swelling on the lips, inside the mouth and on the face.
These red spots can vary in size from a few millimeters to a few centimeters, and they can commonly merge with each other and cover a very large area on the skin.
The spots may appear and disappear within 24 hours during the course of the disease. If the rash and blisters from hives persist for more than six weeks and recur frequently over months or years, the condition is considered chronic urticaria.
URTICARE IS NOT CONTAGIOUS
Although the disease is thought to be contagious among the people, urticaria (hives) is not contagious.
Hives rash and accompanying blisters are caused by the release of histamine and other chemicals into the bloodstream by certain cells.
Medical professionals often cannot identify the cause of chronic urticaria or why acute urticaria sometimes becomes chronic.
However, some of the triggering causes of rash on the skin are as follows;
-Insects or parasites
-Various types of food
-Long-term pressure on the skin, like a rubber band
However, in some cases, chronic urticaria may be associated with another underlying medical condition such as thyroid disease or, rarely, cancer.
WHAT ARE URTICARE SYMPTOMS?
When urticaria develops, some characteristic symptoms occur in each patient.
Red bumps appear on the skin. These can be in the form of millimeter small areas or they can be in larger sizes.
Itching and burning sensation occur in the swollen skin areas.
Painful swelling of the lips, eyelids, and throat, ie angioedema, may also occur. It has been observed that the symptoms of hives intensify during fatigue, stress, heat and exercise.
Chronic urticaria may continue uninterruptedly for more than six weeks and recur over the years, but short-term, acute urticaria, appears suddenly and disappears within a few weeks.
If blisters and redness are seen that continue to appear for several days, it is absolutely necessary to consult a skin specialist, namely a dermatologist. Chronic urticaria by itself does not put the individual at risk of a serious allergic reaction, ie anaphylaxis.
However, emergency care may be required if the individual is showing signs of hives, among other symptoms, as part of a severe allergic reaction. Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include dizziness, shortness of breath, and swelling of the lips, eyelids, and tongue.
HOW IS URTICARE DIAGNOSED?
Rashes of hives are typical and therefore specialists can easily diagnose urticaria based on patient complaints and physical examination findings. The diagnosis can be confirmed by ordering some tests for a definitive diagnosis.
In cases of urticaria that develops suddenly, the diagnosis of urticaria can be made quickly by the doctor. In the absence of urticaria rashes during the doctor’s appointment, the patient’s description of the typical clinical picture is sufficient for diagnosis. At this point, it is important to question whether the rashes are completely gone within 24 hours. Because there are other diseases with rashes resembling urticaria.
In addition, the duration of the complaints is questioned by the doctor as a whole; in this way, it is distinguished whether the disease is an acute or a chronic condition. In addition, the factors that the patient suspects triggering urticaria are questioned.
WHAT CAN BE DONE TO PREVENT URTICAIS?
Chronic urticaria may persist for months or years. It can disrupt the sleep pattern of the individual and become a way to interfere with his daily life. A few simple precautions can help prevent or soothe recurrent skin reactions of chronic urticaria:
Avoiding known triggers
-Wear loose, loose and light clothing.
-Avoid scratching the skin.
-Relieve the affected area by washing, fanning, using a cool, damp cloth, or with lotion or anti-itch cream.
-Avoid using harsh soaps.