Meningitis is a disease that can cause serious complications if not recognized and treated early. This disease, which can affect people of all ages, may occur depending on different factors. MeningitisThe causative agent is determined and treatment is applied to the cause.
WHAT IS MENENGIT?
Meningitis is inflammation of the fluid and membranes (meninges) surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Swelling from meningitis typically triggers signs and symptoms such as headache, fever, and stiff neck.
Most cases of meningitis are due to a viral infection, but bacterial, parasitic, and fungal infections are other causes. Some cases of meningitis can clear up without treatment within a few weeks. Others can be life-threatening and require urgent antibiotic treatment.
Early treatment of bacterial meningitis can prevent serious complications.
HOW IS MENENGITIS DISEASE TRANSMITTED?
Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can be spread by coughing, sneezing, kissing, or by sharing food containers, toothbrushes, or cigarettes.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MENINGITIS DISEASE?
Early meningitis symptoms can mimic the flu. Symptoms can develop within a few hours or days.
Possible signs and symptoms in anyone older than 2 years old include:
Sudden high fever
• Stiff Neck
Severe headache that looks different from normal
Headache with nausea or vomiting
Confusion or difficulty concentrating
Sleepiness or difficulty waking up
Sensitivity to light
No lack of appetite or thirst
Skin rash (sometimes as in meningococcal meningitis)
Newborn babies may show these symptoms:
• High fever
• Continuous crying
Excessive sleepiness or irritability
• Difficulty waking up from sleep
Inactivity or weakness
• not waking up to eat
A bulge (fontanel) at the soft spot above the baby’s head
• Stiffness in the body and neck
When is the meningitis vaccine given?
Especially in children, it is possible to be protected from bacteria called hemophilus influenza and pneumococcus, which are important meningitis factors.
There are two important pneumococcal vaccines, which are administered at 2, 4 and 6 months and repeated after 1 year of age as childhood vaccines, and the Haemophilus influenza vaccine, which is included in the five-point combination vaccine administered at the 2nd, 4th, 6th months and repeated in the 18th month. Babies are protected against meningitis.
In addition, Meningitis vaccine can be given to individuals of all ages for a fee.
HOW IS THE TREATMENT OF MENENGITIS DISEASE?
Treatment depends on the type of meningitis you or your child have.
Acute bacterial meningitis should be treated immediately with intravenous antibiotics and sometimes with corticosteroids. This helps promote recovery and reduce the risk of complications such as brain swelling and seizures.
The antibiotic or antibiotic combination depends on the type of bacteria causing the infection. Your doctor may recommend a broad-spectrum antibiotic until you can determine the exact cause of meningitis.
Your doctor may drain the infected sinuses or mastoid – the bones that connect to the middle ear behind the outer ear.
Antibiotics cannot cure viral meningitis and most cases resolve spontaneously within a few weeks.
Treatment for mild cases of viral meningitis usually includes:
• plenty of fluids
Over-the-counter pain medications that help reduce fever and relieve body aches
• Your doctor may prescribe corticosteroids to reduce swelling in the brain and an anticonvulsant medication to control seizures.
Other types of meningitis
If the cause of your meningitis is unknown, your doctor may begin antiviral and antibiotic therapy while the cause is determined.
Treatment for chronic meningitis, antifungal medications treat fungal meningitis, and a combination of specific antibiotics can treat tuberculous meningitis. However, these medications can have serious side effects, so treatment may be delayed until a laboratory confirms that the cause is fungus.
Non-infectious meningitis due to an allergic reaction or autoimmune disease can be treated with corticosteroids. In some cases, no treatment may be required as the condition may resolve spontaneously. Cancer-related meningitis requires treatment for specific cancer.
QUESTION & ANSWER: WHAT IS MENENGITES, WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?