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What is nail fungus and causes? (Nail fungus symptoms and treatment) – Health News


Onychomycosis also known as nail fungus it is a highly contagious fungal infection that rarely affects the hands and mostly the toenails.

It begins with the appearance of a white or yellow spot on or under the nail tip, and as the infection progresses, it can cause the nail to change color, thicken, or even break up.

It can affect a few nails or all of the nails. Unless treated, the infection can spread to the other foot or to different parts of the body. The prevalence of the disease is around 10 percent of the general population, but this rate is twice as high in people over 60 years old.

There are many other reasons why your nails may look different than they actually are. You may need to consult a qualified doctor to be sure you have a yeast infection.

If your condition is mild and does not bother you, you may not need intensive treatment. But if you have pain, if your nails smell or they are thickened, you may need serious care and medication.

SYMPTOMS OF NAIL FUNGUS

If your nail is thickened, dried or torn

– If the shape of the nail is deformed

If there are white or yellow streaks on the nail.

If your nail breaks easily

-If it has lost its luster and becomes dull

-If the color is darker

If there is an odor from fungal nails

If you have one or more of the above symptoms, be sure to consult a dermatologist. Infected nails may separate from the nail bed. As a result, you may feel pain and detect a foul odor.

CAUSES OF NAIL FUNGUS

If your nails are frequently exposed to warm and humid conditions, your risk of getting nail fungus is higher.

Nail fungi are more common in toenails.

Because most of the toenails are in your shoes in a dark, hot and humid environment. mushrooms It is located where it can develop.

There is less blood flow in the toes than in the fingers. This makes it harder for your body’s immune system to find the infection.

Men are more likely to get nail fungus infections than women. The risk increases further as you get older.

Other than that if;

If you are a sportsman

If you smoke

-If you spend too much time in water or in humid environments

If you do not keep your feet clean and dry

– If you wear shoes that make the feet sweat

– If you walk barefoot in places where fungal infections can easily spread, such as shared showers, locker rooms and gyms

If your nails are damaged for any reason

If your immune system is weakened

If you have certain other health conditions such as diabetes, psoriasis or peripheral artery disease, your risk of getting nail fungus is higher.

NAIL FUNGUS TREATMENT

Home care: Keep your feet clean and dry. Use separate nail clippers to cut your infected nails

Medication: Your doctor may recommend combinations of prescription medications and other approaches.

The recommended treatment combination is generally as follows:

A topical cream to be applied directly on the nail: The nail is first filed to clean and polish applied.

Regular cleaning of the nail or the damaged area of ​​the skin: Trimming and cleaning nails can help reduce the amount of fungus on nails and is highly recommended. This also reduces pain.

Antifungal prescription pill: These drugs prevent a new nail from becoming infected and gradually regenerate the infected parts. You usually take these medications for 6 to 12 weeks. However, you cannot see the results of the treatment until the nail is fully grown and regenerated.

It can take four months or more for an infection to clear up.

Tablets can have side effects. You may need to have blood tests from time to time to check the effect of these types of medications on your body.

Doctors may not recommend these medications for pregnant women, those with liver disease or congestive heart failure, or those taking certain medications. Side effects such as headache, itching and diarrhea may also occur.

FACTORS THAT INCREASE THE RISK OF NAIL FUNGUS

– Decreased blood flow due to aging, exposure to fungus for many years and slower growth of nails

Breathing heavily

– Being a man (especially if your family has a history of nail fungal infection)

Working in a humid environment or a job where your hands are often wet, such as bartending or cleaning the room

Wearing socks and shoes that make the feet stuffy or sweaty

Living with someone who has a nail fungus

-Walking barefoot in humid public areas such as swimming pools and gym

Having minor skin or nail damage or a skin disease such as psoriasis

Children with diabetes, circulatory problems, having a weakened immune system or Down syndrome

HOW TO PROTECT NAIL FUNGUS?

Wash your hands and feet regularly and keep your nails short and dry.

Wash your hands and feet with soap and water, rinse and dry thoroughly, including between your toes. Straighten nails with a file

Wear non-sweaty socks. Change your socks often, especially if your feet sweat a lot.

Choose shoes that reduce the moisture content.

-Take the old shoes away. If possible, avoid wearing old shoes that harbor fungi and cause infection.

Use an antifungal spray or powder. Spray or sprinkle it on your feet and the insides of your shoes.

Wear rubber gloves. Turn gloves over to dry between uses.

-Do not damage the skin around your nails. This can cause germs to reach your skin and nails.

– Do not walk barefoot in public places. Wear sandals or shoes in pools, showers and locker rooms.

Make sure that the place you go for a manicure or pedicure has sterilized their tools. Better yet, bring it yourself and disinfect them after use.

-Leave nail polish. Although it is tempting to hide nail fungal infections under the beautiful pink polish, it can keep the nail moist and worsen the infection.

Wash your hands after touching an infected nail. Nail fungus is extremely contagious.

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