Psoriasis, which is not a contagious disease, usually occurs on the knees and scalp.
Since the radiant effect of the sun disappears in the winter months, an increase in psoriasis is observed.
Psoriasis is a skin disorder that causes skin cells to multiply several times faster than normal. Psoriasis is not contagious. However, in some cases, it can also be seen in family members. In an individual with psoriasis, bumpy red spots covered with white scales begin to appear on the skin during the disease. Psoriasis, which is effective in only a few areas in most cases, is seen in the whole body in some severe cases.
WHAT IS Psoriasis?
Plaque psoriasis is the most common form and presents with cutaneous manifestations of raised, red plaques covered with silvery-white crusts. Psoriasis is not just a skin disease or a cosmetic problem. It is a persistent, chronic and often distressing disease that can affect the simplest aspects of patients’ daily lives. About 30 percent of people with psoriasis have psoriatic arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis affects the joints, causing limiting symptoms such as pain, joint stiffness and irreversible joint damage. Psoriasis is also associated with other serious health problems such as diabetes, heart disease and depression.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF Psoriasis?
Symptoms of psoriasis can vary. However, the most common symptoms of plaque psoriasis are plaques covered with silvery scales in the form of red spots. These plaques can be itchy and painful. Sometimes these cracked plaques can cause bleeding. In severe cases, these plaques can grow and combine with other psoriasis diseases and cover the body. Other types of psoriasis include pustular psoriasis, which usually occurs in adults, with small pustules, which are bubbles filled with non-inflammatory white or yellow fluid, on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, causing the appearance of red and scaly skin.
HOW IS Psoriasis TREATED?
There are many treatments available for psoriasis. Some of those treatments are:
It is one of the first-choice treatments where gels, ointments or creams are applied directly to the psoriasis area.
When applied directly to the skin, it slows the growth of body cells and treats psoriasis.
Another form of treatment applied directly to the skin is UV phototherapy treatment. UV rays are applied directly to psoriasis and help slow the growth of excess skin cells.
Usually used for moderate or severe psoriasis, this treatment reduces inflammation and affects the immune system when taken orally in pill or liquid form.
Biological therapy is a systemic treatment option for moderate to severe psoriasis. Administered by injection or infusion, this treatment helps reduce inflation by targeting specific overproduced proteins.